Posts tagged as 'Walter Gropius'

Fri 18.5.

Friday Food For Thought: Happy Bauhday Walter Gropius

Posted by Malgorzata Stankiewicz on 18.05.2012 - Tagged as: , ,

Graph of the educational curriculum at the Bauhaus, 1923 by Walter Gropius; image courtesy of Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin

Following our last week’s Friday Food For Thought post about the excellent ‘Bauhaus: Art as Life’ exhibition which recently opened at London’s Barbican, this week we revisit the famous art and design school once more but for a different reason. Thus, coincidentally, today marks the 129th anniversary of the birth of its founder, Walter Gropius (18 May 1883 – 5 July 1969).

 

To celebrate the birthday of one of the most influential and pioneering masters of modern architecture, here are some extracts of the then-revolutionary and hugely influential ‘Bauhaus Dessau – Principles of Bauhaus Production’, coined by Gropius in 1926:

 

‘The Bauhaus wants to serve in the development of present-day housing, from the simplest household appliances to the finished dwelling.

 

In the conviction that household appliances and furnishings must be rationally related to each other, the Bauhaus is seeking-by systematic practical and theoretical research into formal, technical, and economic fields-to derive the design of an object from its natural functions and
relationships.’ (more…)

The Hansviertel Project by Gisberg Poeppler

The Hansviertel Project by Gisberg Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

The Hansaviertel in Berlin is a quarter which was planned and realised as an example of successful and forward-looking architecture in post-war Germany. Architects like Arne Jacobsen, Alvar Aalto and Oscar Niemeyer were amongst others protagonists of the project. Gisberg Poeppler had the pleasure to renovate one appartment in the famous Walter Gropius building.

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

Here is what the architect explains:

“The 90qm property is tucked in the corner of a large modern apartment building, designed by Walter Gropius for the 1957 Interntational Building Exhibition, “Interbau”. As if intentionally planned to coincide with this important milestone, the renovation was completed just in time to celebrate the 90th year anniversary of this now classic modernist BAUHAUS experiment in urban living.

The Hansaviertel Project showcases Gisbert Pöppler’s vision and talent, unique among German architects, for breathing vibrant life into stale spaces both structurally as well as by paying specific attention to the details of interior design. With a bold use of color and brave willingness to re-interpret the bones of an historical building, he has injected new-found energy and innovation into this fading model of ideal living.”

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

“Following Walter Gropius’ key intention of creating flexible living spaces for everyone, Gisbert Pöppler projected this noble trajectory into the 21st century. With a single swing he succeeded in unifying the main rooms of the apartment along a sunny bank of existing windows, ripping out the walls dividing the dark, boxy spaces. Giving full trust to Gisbert Pöppler’s vision – the client only inspected the apartment twice during the renovation process discovering that what were once three closed, claustrophobic compartments had become an expansive pass-through space, providing a colorful journey from the tart lemon livingroom to the chinese red kitchen and into the emerald green office.”

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

“In addition to these simple but transformative structural changes, Gisbert Pöppler’s client showed an openness to try new approaches to fixturing and decor, giving him the freedom to experiment . As every pearl has a grain of sand at its center, so do some of the key elements of this apartment’s interior fixturings; combining an eclectic collection of high and low-cost interior features. In the vibrantly detailed kitchen, for instance, the bones of the cabinets and freestanding counter block come from Ikea, but are then embellished with dedar Mindanao bianco textile surfaces and cabinet door handles costing far more than the structures they cover. In the livingroom, a custom designed china cabinet becomes a central decorative element, simultaneously providing a functional conversation piece and elegant object d’art.”

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

“When it came to developing a color system for the apartment, there were lots of conversations between the architect and client about color, leading to a pallette that plays off the muted tones used on the exterior of the Hansaviertel’s buildings. Saturated hues of aqua blue and sunny lemon are playfully combined to create the effect of sleeping at the bottom of a swimming pool. A bright contrast of black, white and Chinese red suggests kitchen-life inside a chili pepper and emerald walls enclose a cozy study, stuffed with a forest of books and leafy trees just outside the window. Throughout the apartment, glossy black trim acts like a unifying element that ties each room to the next and leads to the handsomely outfitted bathroom, lined in tiny gleaming black tiles.”

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

The Hansaviertel Project by Gisbert Poeppler, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

“In addition to being a vibrant showcase of modernism modernized for the 21st century, this apartment succeeds as a comfortably spacious home for its occupant – with new-found expansiveness and ample storage defying the modest 90qm footprint it leaves on this historic Berlin neighborhood.”

The Le Corbusier building at Hansaviertel in Berlin, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

The Walter Gropius building at Hansaviertel in Berlin, photo by Wolfgang Stahr

more Interior architecture projects @ Architonic

‘life in the city of tomorrow’, a documentary by Marian Engel

Marcel Breuer, Lounge Chair B 3, second version 1926. Photo: Hartwig Klappert, Berlin, Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau

Marcel Breuer, Lounge Chair B 3, second version 1926. Photo: Hartwig Klappert, Berlin, Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau

Exactly 90 years ago Weimar saw the foundation of the institution which more than any other influenced the architecture, design and art of the twentieth century.

The Bauhaus was one of the first colleges of design, and in the 14 years of its existence it brought together not just many of the most important artists, architects, designers and graphic artists of the age but also provided a blueprint for the comprehensive design and modernisation of our industrial society. At the time neither the teachers, their students nor society as a whole were able to predict with what ease and universal validity the design principles of the Bauhaus would be adapted to a range of applications worldwide. The institution itself was forced by conservative political forces to change location a number of times, moving from Weimar via Dessau to Berlin, where the Bauhaus was closed down in 1933 under political pressure of the Nazis.

Walter Gropis, 1928, Photo: Associated Press, Berlin Bauhaus Archiv

Walter Gropis, 1928, Photo: Associated Press, Berlin Bauhaus Archiv

continue article @ Architonic

to the Architonic Selection ‘Bauhaus: The Originals’


With his documentary about the Berlin Hansaviertel the young Berlin-based film-maker Marian Engler created a chronicle piece about an example of successful and forward-looking architecture in post-war Germany. The film consists of impressive views of houses by Oscar Niemeyer, Arne Jacobsen, Alvar Aalto and others. With interviews of time-wittnesses of the 50’s as well as young residents of the Hansaviertel and architects, among them Oscar Niemeyer himself, Marian Engel tries to figure out if the concept of the ‘city of tomorrow’ works, after all. The film is in German language with English subtitles.

Apartment building by Egon Eiermann, Hansa quater Berlin

Apartment building by Egon Eiermann, Hansa quater Berlin

Here the synopsis:

In 1957 the first International Construction Exhibition after the war took place in Berlin.

At the „Interbau’57“ 64 world famous architects of the classical modernism came together to realise their vision of a „city of tomorrow“. Under them visionists like Le Corbusier, Oskar Niemeyer, Walter Gropius and Arne Jacobsen.

They did not only want to provide new flats for the bombed out residents. With their plan of a green city-landscape they wanted to create a peaceful and democratic society.

The documentary shows the beginning and the history of the Hansaviertel. It is dedicated to the people who live there today and asks for the success of an international praised role model for town construction. But can you find the high ideological requirements of progress, democracy and freedom in the heads of the people who live there today?

To the ‘life in acity of tomorrow’ website

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