Posts tagged as 'Pinakothek der Moderne'

Konrad Wachsmann Aeroplanehangar for the United States Air Force, 1950–1953 Photo: A. Laurenzo, Die Neue Sammlung – The International Design Museum Munich Model: Architekturmuseum der TU München

The Architecture Museum of the Technical University in Munich presents the work and ideas of Konrad Wachsmann in a contemporary context. The German born architect, who emigrated to the USA in 1941, saw prefabricated elements and assembly on site replacing conventional construction methods and created with his book ‘Turning Point of Building’ from 1959 a manifest of that age for the consistent industrialisation of architecture.

The exhibition will be open until 13 June 2010. In conjunction with the exhibition Prof. Matthias Kohler from Gramazio & Kohler, Architektur und Digitale Fabrikation, ETH Zurich, will be speaking on digital production methods on 10 June.

Alexander Graham Bell Tetrahedral-Tower Benin Bhreagh | Canada, 1907 Photo: A. Laurenzo, Die Neue Sammlung – The International Design Museum Munich Model: Architekturmuseum der TU München

“It is only since the use of computerised design and manufacturing methods and the economic production of individually designed elements that industrialisation, prefabrication and modular construction have gained a new, future-orientated meaning since the 1990s. This can be seen, for example, in Foster + Partners’ glass roof at the British Museum, where all parts and intersections are different. A second section of the exhibition looks at the effects brought about by this turning point. Current system building and digital production methods can be explored in a walk-in model and the problems and possibilities found in the manufacturing of a virtually infinite variety of shapes are being highlighted.”

Gramazio & Kohler Architecture and Digital Fabrication, ETH Zurich Pike Loop, Installation in public space Manhattan/New York | USA, 2009 © Gramazio & Kohler, ETH Zurich

Exhibition at Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich

Exhibition at Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich

to the Pinakothek der Moderne website

The Making of Architonic Concept Space II by Gramazio & Kohler

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

The rise of the small town Zlín in the east of the Czech Republic to the centre of the biggest European shoe manufacturer Bat’a is a unique economic and social, but also an architectural phenomenon. Zlín is a “model town of Modernism“, since many architectural and social ideals that politicians, entrepreneurs and architects propagated as visionary after World War I, had been realized there. Thus the town, that Le Corbusier described as a „shining phenomenon“, became a kind of pilgrimage site for all kinds of proponents of progress in the 1930s. At the turn of the century, the small place in which Tomáš Bat’a had founded a shoe factory together with his brother and sister in 1894, had 3,000 inhabitants, steadily developing to 43,000 by 1938.

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

Thrilled by the ideas and production methods of the most successful car manufacturer of the time, Henry Ford, and the founder of the science of management, Frederick W. Taylor, the entrepreneurs Tomáš and Jan Antonin Bat’a had the small place systematically developed into a kind of huge laboratory for communal life and work, establishing a system in which the entire town and all its inhabitants were only serving one single purpose – the increase of shoe production. Not only the division of labour, timekeeping and conveyor belts, but also captive social facilities such as nurseries, schools and a hospital as well as a department store, a sports club and a large cinema, aimed at this target. Architecture should also contribute to forming new and better-working people.

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

The town is divided into zones assigned to the areas of working, living, spare time and traffic – a separation of functions corresponding to the key concepts of modern town building that were later propagated in the „Charta of Athens“. Decisively influenced by the architects František L. Gahura and Vladimír Karfík, almost all public buildings were developed on a planning grid of 6.15 by 6.15 metres, a uniform measurement which literally served as a standardization of work and life. Starting out from Zlín, Bat’a had factories and towns erected in other countries and continents as a smaller version of Zlín using modern architecture to convey a company-related identity and modernity.

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

Zlín – Model Town of Modernism

The exhibition has adapted parts of the Prague show „The Bat’a Phenomenon“ (National Gallery, spring 2009) but has been restructured for Munich. By means of models, plans, objects, photographs and films the architectural development, the linkage of cultural and social life in Zlín as well as the worldwide circulation of Bat’a’s ideas are presented and critically reflected. A separate area, specifically compiled for the Munich show, will be dealing extensively with Le Corbusier’s planning concepts for Bat’a – which have so far been hardly known, even in expert circles (expansion of Zlín, a standard plan for the French shoe shops, the French satellite town Hellocourt and the Bat’a pavilion for the World Fair in Paris in 1937). Some of the original drawings of the Fondation Le Corbusier will be shown for the first time. A big model of the World Fair pavilion – only known as a plan so far – can be experienced in its spatial form for the first time.

Opening: 18.11.2009, 19.00

Duration of exhibition: 19.11.-21.02.2010

to the Pinakothek der Moderne website

Siemens city, Berlin, 1931, Photo by Gerrit Engel

Siemens city, Berlin, 1931, Photo by Gerrit Engel

The Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich recently opened an exhibition about the work of the Berlin-based architect and photographer Gerrit Engel.

'Sozialpalast' (social palace), Berlin, 1977, Photo by Gerrit Engel

'Sozialpalast' (social palace), Berlin, 1977, Photo by Gerrit Engel

Berlin – shaped by the political upheavals of the 20th century like no other city – and Manhattan, New York, the epitome of the big city, metropolis of the Modern Age. In the photographs of Gerrit Engel these two cliché-laden cities are to be seen in a new, completely unfamiliar light. He focuses on the buildings like a scientist researching exotic beings. Fascinated, yet at the same time with the distance of a scientist. With »vasculum-like dispassion«, but not without affection.

Waterside, New York, 1971, Photo by Gerrit Engel

Waterside, New York, 1971, Photo by Gerrit Engel

Gerrit Engels photographs are portrait studies of houses, each with their own face, that join forces to create a portrait of the entire city – history of the city based on images of its striking, more or less attractive buildings, both large and small, spectacular or merely picturesque. These works form what is, in fact, the very first typology of Manhattan’s architecture and – 20 years after the fall of the Wall – that of Berlin.

The exhibition will be open until 1 November 2009

to the Pinakothek der Moderne website

to Gerrit Engel´s website

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