Croatioan Pavilion, photo by Zelimir Grzancic
This year’s Croatian Pavilion for the Biennale of Venice was designed by a group of 14 leading Croatian architects, amongst them our friends of 3LHD Architects. The floating construction was built up on an existing barge in the harbour of Reijka and was afterwards shipped through the Adriatic Sea to Venice. The structure is welded from 30 tons of Q385 wire mesh in more than 40 layers, they form – due to varying contours – the interior spaces. The Pavilion with the Croatian exhibition is open at the Croatian venue at the Arsenale.
'Float House' for the Make It Right Foundation by Morphosis
Morphosis Architects designed this eclectic single family house for New Orleans’ Lower Ninth Ward, an area which was completely distroyed by Hurricane Katrina and which is now site for the new designs of the Make It Right Foundation. The L.A. based practice created a house which broaches the issue of the catastrophy the city was confronted with – it would float if New Orleans floods.
'Float House' by Morphosis
Here is what the Architects explain:
The FLOAT House optimizes the efficiency of mass-production, while respecting New Orleans’s unique culture and context. The Ninth Ward’s colorful vernacular houses, which local residents have traditionally modified and personalized over time, reflect the community’s vibrant culture. The FLOAT House grows out of the indigenous typology of the shotgun house, predominant throughout New Orleans and the Lower Ninth Ward. Like a typical shotgun house, the FLOAT House sits atop a raised base. This innovative base, or “chassis,” integrates all mechanical, electrical, plumbing and sustainable systems, and securely floats in case of flooding. Inspired by GM’s skateboard chassis, which is engineered to support several car body types, the FLOAT House’s chassis is designed to support a variety of customizable house configurations.
Developed to meet the needs of families in New Orleans’s Lower Ninth Ward, the FLOAT House is a prototype for prefabricated, affordable housing that can be adapted to the needs of flood zones worldwide. The FLOAT House is assembled on-site from pre-fabricated components:
The modular chassis is pre-fabricated as a single unit of expanded polystyrene foam coated in glass fiber reinforced concrete, with all required wall anchors, electrical, mechanical and plumbing systems pre-installed. The chassis module is shipped whole from factory to site, via standard flat bed trailer.
The piers that anchor the house to the ground and the concrete pads on which the chassis sits are constructed on-site, using local labor and conventional construction techniques.
The panelized walls, windows, interior finishes and kit-of parts roof are prefabricated, to be assembled on-site along with the installation of fixtures and appliances. This efficient approach integrates modern mass-production with traditional site construction to lower costs, guarantee quality, and reduce waste.
to the Morphosis website
to the Make It Right website
'Citadel' Europe's first floating apartment buidling
The Netherlands – a quater of the small country lies on or underneath sea level. No wonder it is a team of Dutch architects, who specialised on floating houses – Watersudio.
The northern part of the Netherlands, Holland is to be home to Europe’s first ever floating apartment building when Waterstudio’s Citadel project completes. Construction is set to begin in March 2010 on the 60 unit apartment building, designed by Koen Olthuis, which will be the first in a 1200 home urban development called the New Water.
'Citadel' by Waterstudio
What the architects say:
The project has been developed to change the relationship of Holland residents with their surroundings, to live on the water rather than beside it. The innovation changes the way that people in Holland have lived for centuries and removes the need for polders. Holland has as many as 3500 polders which are below sea level and keep the land dry by pumping water out 24/7. New Water is being created in a depolderised zone created through necessity to prevent other polders from flooding.
While there have been floating houses before, Citadel will be the first floating development with more than 30 housing units/acre water to be created in Europe. It is a composition of 180 modular elements around a courtyard on top of a floating concrete caisson foundation. All the apartments have a water view and most of them have a berthing place for a small boat. Projected on the middle of the water there will be a floating road for connection with the shore for emergency vehicles and for residents.
'Citadel' by Waterstudio
more information @ World Architecture News
to the Waterstudio website