Following yesterday’s post about the elementary school located in Sichuan province, China, with today’s featured project we come back closer to home, more specifically, to Austria. Located 15 km northeast of Vienna, in Deutsch-Wagram, this 7.523-square-meters development has been completed in September 2011 and has since been a new home to two types of secondary schools: ‘Hauptschule’ and an upper secondary school with focus on natural sciences and mathematics ‘Realgymnasium.’
Featuring an eye-catching, sky-resembling aluminium façade and some 175 uniformly sized square windows, the three- to four-storey school comprises two separate structures: a long school block and a double sports hall.
More about the project:
‘The ultimate aim was to preserve the pond’s accessibility and the recess area for all pupils as much as possible. The school block’s latitude lies perpendicular to the footpath and at its projecting heading section forms a generous forecourt with a prominent canopied entrance and an adjoining cloakroom and aula. The three- to four-storey structure adapts to the terrain in its ground plan as well as in its cross-section, floating on a circumferential glass strip in the green space.
‘The sports hall is dug in as far as the high groundwater level would allow, and thus stays in measure with the kindergarten and elementary school on the opposite side. To underline its discreteness, entrance for external sport usages and to the spectators’ gallery is gained via an external stairway in close vicinity to the parking lots in the street “auf der heide”. The underground connection to the school block keeps the access to the pond and from the cemetery alley open for the public.’
‘Due to the combination of two types of secondary school, the wishes and requirements of different clients and users had to beunited in one building. This was solved on the one hand by separating the main classrooms and administrative areas, and on the other hand by common utilisation of the general areas (natural sciences on the ground floor, classrooms with creative focus on the attractive lower floor on pond level). The shared building makes it possible to use classrooms which are not normally provided in the respective school type (e.g., handicrafts forupper secondary school, chemistry lab for regular secondary school).
‘A shared library extending over three floors is the heart ofthe building. Sitting steps are an invitation to read, at the same time offering the possibility to hold smaller lectures andpresentations. The area on the second floor which had to allow for optional extension was realised in the shape of a generousroof terrace. Deck platforms and sitting steps provide premium recess space in the immediate vicinity of the main classroomsand can also be used for open-air classes.’
‘A prerequisite for high economic efficiency and low energy consumption was the development of a very compact structure. The100 meter long middle aisle flares conically at its knee according to movement flows, on the western side opens up towards the pond over two-storey recess areas, and in addition receives natural daylight from four equal stairways on the eastern side.The sum of compact structure, highly insulated thermic building envelope and a ventilation system with efficient waste heat recovery results in an extraordinarily energy efficient building with passive house qualities. Energy generation by means of groundwater heat pumps and a photovoltaic system, as well as rainwater seepage on its own property contribute to an overall ecological concept’